Mahatma Jotiba Phule

Full Name Jotiba Govindrao Phule
Other Names Mahatma Phule
Born April 11, 1827(1827-04-11) Satara district
Died November 28, 1890(1890-11-28) (aged 63)
Era 19th century philosophy
Region India
School Indian Philosophy
Main Interests Ethics, Religion, Humanism
Influenced by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj – Moses – Jesus – Tukaram – Kabir – Ram Mohan Roy – George Washington – Thomas Paine – Abraham Lincoln – Savitribai Phule – Thomas Jefferson – Benjamin Franklin – Martin Luther – Booker T. Washington – Mission (Christian) – Bible – Quran – Constitution of the United States – American Revolution – French Revolution
Influenced Bhimrao Ambedkar – Social Reform Movement in Maharashtra – Mahatma Gandhi – Shahu Maharaj – Nana Patil – A H Salunkhe – Savitribai Phule – Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III – Chhagan Bhujbal – Prakash Ambedkar – Chiranjeevi – Panjabrao Deshmukh

Mahatma Jotiba Govindrao Phule

(April 11, 1827 – November 28, 1890), also known as Mahatma Jotiba Phule was an activist, thinker, social reformer, writer, philosopher, theologist, scholar, editor and revolutionary from Maharashtra, India in the nineteenth century. Jotiba Phule and his wife Savitribai Phule were pioneers of womens education in India. His remarkable influence was apparent in fields like education, agriculture, caste system, women and widow upliftment and removal of untouchability. He is most known for his efforts to educate women and the lower castes as well as the masses. He, after educating his wife, opened a school for girls in India in August 1848. This was the second girls school in India. Peary Charan Sarkar, a former student of Hindu College, Calcutta and a member of Young Bengal set up the first free school for girls in 1847 in Barasat, a suburb of Calcutta (later the school was named Kalikrishna Girls High School

In September, 1873, Jotirao, along with his followers, formed the Satya Shodhak Samaj (Society of Seekers of Truth) with Jotirao with the main objective of liberating the Bahujans, Shudras and Ati-Shudras and protecting them from exploitation and atrocities. For his fight to attain equal rights for peasants and the lower caste and his contributions to the field of education, he is regarded as one of the most important figures of the Social Reform Movement in Maharashtra. Dhananjay Keer, his biographer, notes him as the father of Indian social revolution

The Buddha wandered the plains of northeastern India for 45 years more, teaching the path or Dharma he had realized in that moment. Around him developed a community or Sangha of monks and, later, nuns, drawn from every tribe and caste, devoted to practicing this path. In approximately 486 BC, at the age of 80, the Buddha died. His last words are said to be

Early life

Jotirao Govindrao Phule was born in Satara district of Maharashtra in a family belonging to Mali caste, shudra caste perceived to be inferior caste by certain sections of the society. His father, Govindrao, was a vegetable vendor. His mother died when he was 9 months old. After completing his primary education Jotirao had to leave school and help his father by working on the family’s farm. He was married at the age of 12. His intelligence was recognized by a Muslim and a Christian neighbor, who persuaded his father to allow Jotirao to attend the local Scottish Missions High School, which he completed in 1847. The turning point in Jotibas life was in year 1848, when he was insulted by family members of his Brahmin friend, a bridegroom for his participation in the marriage procession, an auspicious occasion. Jotiba was suddenly facing the divide created by the caste system.[2] Influenced by Thomas Paine books Rights of Man (1791), Phule developed a keen sense of social justice, becoming passionate of the Indian Tea system. He argued that education of women and the lower castes was a vital priority in addressing social inequalities.